THE EDUCATOR - April 13

Nigeria’s population now 198m - NPC

The population of Nigeria, the giant of Africa, is pegged at an estimated 198 million, according to the National Population Commission (NPC).

NPC Chairman, Eze Duruiheoma, said this in New York, yesterday, when he delivered Nigeria’s statement on sustainable cities, human mobility and international migration at the 51st session of the Commission on Population and Development.


Nigeria currently ranks the seventh most populous country in the world.

As of 2016, the World Bank said Nigeria had an estimated 186 million people.

Duruiheoma said urban population is growing at an average annual rate of about 6.5 percent, and added that teenager, women of child-bearing age and the working-age population, are more engaged in urbanisation.

“The recent World Population Prospects predicts that by 2050, Nigeria will become the third most populated country in the world.
“Over the last 50 years, Nigeria’s urban population has grown at an average annual growth rate of more than 6.5 percent without commensurate increase in social amenities and infrastructure.

“It grew substantially from 17.3 in 1967 to 49.4 percent in 2017.

“In addition, the 2014 World Urbanisation Prospects report predicts that by 2050, most of the population–70 percent–will resides in cities.

“The 2010 Human Mobility Survey Report revealed that 23 percent of the sampled population was of more females than males.”
Duruiheoma said an estimated 1.76 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) are from states in the North East.

According to him, existing urbanisation trend, coupled with IDPs in cities, pose critical challenges to securing sustainability of our cities.

He said just as in other developing countries, Nigerian cities host widespread poverty, under-employment and unemployment at an average of 18.4 percent, citing the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) 2017 report.

In an interview last year, NPC Director General Ghaji Bello, said the commission might conduct census in 2018.
He had said the proposed census would cost an estimated N272 billion.

“Ordinarily, it ought to have a cycle of its own and that cycle should be five years or 10 years.

“We should have conducted the last census in 2016 but for a variety of reasons outside the control of the population commission, we were unable to do it,” he had said
.